November 1st: Day 305 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1962, all comunications with the soviet probe Mars 1 fail.
In 1963, in Puerto Rico, the Observatory of Arecibo the bigest radiotelescope ever built was oficially opened .
In 1977, Charles Kowal discovers Chiron, the first of a population of small frozen objects of what is known as Oort's cloud and of the Kuiper Belt, in the outer Solar System.
Observations: Before dusk see Venus at East-Southeast.
November 2nd: Day 306 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1885, Harlow Shapley was born, American pioneer in the determination in the distance to the stars, star clusters and to the center of the Milky Way.
said correctly that globular clusters had a regular distribution around the Milky Way and this allowed him to determine Sun's position.
In 1917, the 100 inch telecope at Mount Wilson was inaugurated.
Observations: The Moon is almost at New Moon and can be seen to the right and above Venus.
November 3rd: Day 307 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1679 the approximation of a Comet originates a wave of panic all around Europe.
In 1957, the first earthly lifeform goes to Space: Laika the soviet female dog is launched on board the soviet probe Sputnik 2 and dies after a week in orbit.
In 1973the probe Mariner 10 was launched. It arrived to Venus on February 5th, 1974, with its closest approach at 5700 km. It sent back images of the top of Venus' clouds.
Observations: Use binoculars to spot Saturn and Spica before sunrise.
November 4th: Day 308 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 2003 the strongest solar eruption ever detected occured.
Observations: Use the night to observe Jupiter. The Big Red Spot will be visible until about 22h (UTC).
November 5th: Day 309 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1906, Fred Whipple was born. He proposed the "dirty snowball" for the comets nuclei.
In 2007, Chang'e 1, the first chinese lunar satellite starts to orbit the Moon.
Observations:cAround 23 hours, Orion shines at East--Southeast, with Aldebaran and the Pleiades rightabove.
November 6th: Day 310 of the gregorian calendar.
Observations: New Moon atLua Novas, pelas 04:54.
November 7th: Day 311 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1996 the probe Mars Global Surveyor was launched.
Observations: In the middle of the night, Capela shines at northeast. To its right at East is the Pleiades open cluster (M45) and bellow it is Aldebaran.
November 8th: Day 312 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1656 Edmond Halleywas born.
Halley was an english scientist that used his theory of cometary orbits to calculate that the cometof 1682 (further called Halley's Comet) was periodic and encouraged Isaac Newton to publish the Principia. In 1780 he discovered that some stars (Sirius, Aldebaran, Betelgeuse e Arcturus) had what is known as "proper motion", which means that they aren't stationary.
In 1984, mission STS-51A was launched on the inaugural flight of the Space Shuttle Discovery.
Observações: Vega is still the brightest star heigh in the West during the next nights. The bright star above Vega is Deneb the tail of the Swan (Cignus) constellation.
November 9th: Day 313 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1934, Carl Sagan was born.
Observations Arcturus, the brightest star in the Bootes constellation is now very low in the West-Norwest sky immediately after sunset. To its rigth yo can find the Big Dipper.
November 10th: Day 314 of the gregorian calendar.
History:In 1695, John Bevis was born. He is best known for discovering the Crab Nebula in 1731. Bevis has also observed an occultation by Venus of Mercury on May 28, 1737, and observed and found a prediction rule for eclipses of Jupiter's moons.
Observations: Vesta is in conjunction with the Sun, at 0 h (UTC); Mars 4º N of Antares, at 4 h (UTC).
November 11th: Day 315 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1572 Tycho Brahe observes a nova in the night sky.
This was an evidence against Aristotheles geocentric theory that the skies remained perpetually unchanged.
Observations: If you have a telescope larger than 10'' you should to observe the biggest moons of Uranus. It's not easy...
November 12th: Day 316 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1965 the Venera 2 (USSR) probe was launched to exploe Venus.
In 1980, he probe Voyager 1 makes its closest appoach to Saturn.
In 1981, the space shuttle Columbia STS-2 mission is launched.
Observations: Use the night to observe the small stellar cluster M29, close to the center of the SWan (Cignus) constellation. In a dark spot you will need a small telescope or even just binoculares.
November 13th: Day 317 of the gregorian calendar.
History:. In 1833, the Great Lionid meteor shower occured. During the four hours before dawn the debris of comet Tempel-Tuttle iluminated the night sky causing panic to those that observed them.
In 1971, american probe Mariner 9 becomes the first ship to orbit Mars.
In 1999, a giroscope failure almost causes the loss of Hubble Space Telescope a situation that was only solved by space shuttle mission STS-103 on December 20th 1999.
Observations: First Quarter at 17h (UTC).
November 14th: Day 318 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1969, Apollo 12 was launched at 11:22 EST from Kennedy Space Center .
In 1999, first confirmation of a main sequence extrasolar planet.
In 2003, astronomers Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo and David L. Rabinowitz discover 9033 Sedna a trans-neptunian object.
Observations: Neptune 5º S from the Moon, at 6 h. (UTC).
November 15th: Day 319 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1738, birth of William Herschel.
He was the first astronomer to make astronomical observations outside the Solar System . He discovered Uranus (1781), the movement of the Sun in the Milky Way (1785), the binary companion of Castor (1804, with agreement to Kepler's Laws ), and also discovered a infrared radiation.
In 1966, the Gemini 12 probe returns to Earth falling safely on the Atlantic Ocean.
In 1988, Soviet Union launches its first and last space shuttle, the Buran.
In 1990, Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched on mission STS-38.
Observations: Use the night to observe the Andromeda Galaxy heigh up close to the zenite just using a pair of binoculars.
November 16th: Day 320 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1965, the soviet probe Venera 3 was launched with task to study Vénus' atmosphere. Comunications failed immediately before it entered the planet's atmosphere
In 1974, the new surface of the giant radiotelescope in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, is used to send a message towards the globular cluster M13.
Observations: Júpiter 7ºS of the Moon at 16h (UTC); Venus stationary at 16h (UTC).
November 17th: Day 321 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1970, Luna 17 becomes the first wheeled vehicle to land on the Moon.
Observations: Fomalhaut, the "Autumn Star", is at its maximum height at south in the beggining of November. Fomalhaut is a slightly smaller and colder version of Vega and, as Vega, astronomers have found a disk of debris surrounding it.
November 18th: Day 322 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1989, NASA launches COBE (Cosmic Background Explorer).
The instruments on board estudied all the celestial sphere every six months. Its operations ended on December 23rd, 1993, after it proved that microwave cosmic background radiation was exactly the expected by the Big Bang model. In 1999, using video cameras, David Palmer, Brian Cudnick e Pedro Sada registrate an impact of a Leonide on the Moon.
November 19th: Day 323 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1969, Apollo 12 becomes the second human landing on the Moon.
In 1999, China launches the first Shenzhou mission into orbit at 22:30 GMT.
China becomes the third nation capable of sending a vehicle capable of transporting human beings to Space after Russia and the United States.
Observations: Júpiter is stationary at 6h (UTC).
November 20th: Day 324 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1889 Edwin Hubble was born.
He used cepheids in M31, to prove the expansion of the Universe using Carl Wirtz work and Slipher's shifts.
November 21st: Day 325 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1998, students from Northfield Mount Hermon School discover Kuiper 72.
In 1999, maximum approach to Earth of the asteroid 1998 YW3 (0.382 UA).
Observations: Full Moon at 17h (UTC); Mercury is 1.7ºS of Mars at 1h (UTC).
November 22nd: Day 326 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1999, maximum approach to Earth of the asteroid 1989 VA (0.1993 UA).
November 23rd: Day 327 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1885, the first picture of a meteor shower was made.
In 1977, Meteosat 1 becomes the first satellite to be put on orbit by the European Space Agency (ESA).
November 24th: Day 328 of the gregorian calendar.
Observations: Lunar occultation of Urania at 12h (UT) not seen from Europe.
November 25th: Day 329 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1999, telescopic observation of a volcano eruption in Io, one of Jupiter's moons.
Observations: Lunar occultation of Ceres at 19h (UT) not seen from Europe.
November 26th: Day 330 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1965, the first french satellite Astérix 1 was launched.
November 27th: Day 331 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1971, soviet probe Mars-2 becomes the first man made object to reach Mars.
November 28th: Day 332 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1964, NASA launches the probe Mariner 4.
Observations: Last Quarter at 21h (UTC).
November 29th: Day 333 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1803, Christian Doppler was born.
in 1961, a chimpanze called Enoswas launched to Space on board the mission Mercury-Atlas 5.
In 1965, The Canadian Space Agency launched satellite Alouette 2.
In 1967, the first australian satellite Wresat 1 was launched.
Observations: Juno is 0.5ºN of the Moon at 23 h (Occultation).
November 30th: Day 334 of the gregorian calendar.
History: In 1954, Ann Elizabeth Hodges was struck by a 5kg meteorite in Alabama.
Observations: Moon at perigee at 19 h (UTC).